ISRO has released the date of the launch of Chandrayaan-3 spacecraft with the Launch of Vehicle Mark-III (LVM-III) that is to launch on July 14, at Satish dhawan space centre in Sriharikota. Chandrayaan-3 is the third lunar exploration mission that is set up by ISRO. It will not have an orbiter but a lander module and a rover module similar to Chandrayaan-2. The lander and the rover configuration will be carried out through the propulsion module until the spacecraft is in 100 km lunar orbit and the propulsion module will be working as a communication relay satellite.
Chandrayaan-3 is a follow up to the Chandrayaan-2 in which a last-minute software glitch happened in the soft landing that led to an attempt of failure on September 6, 2019 after a successful orbital insertion, and it proposed another lunar mission. The target of Chandrayaan-3 is to rectify the setback of Chandrayaan-2 and to execute a successful landing on the lunar surface. Until now, three of the countries—the United States, the erstwhile Soviet Union, and China have endeavoured successful moon landings.
The Chandrayaan-3 Programme, is an ongoing series of outer space missions, which is also known as Indian Lunar exploration Program. In 2008, Chandrayaan-1 was launched, in which the first moon rocket was successfully inserted into lunar orbit.
What is The Aim of Chandrayaan-3?
The aim of the Chandrayaan-3 mission is to serve a soft landing on the moon by sending the propulsion module, a lander module and a rover to the lunar surface.
Chandrayaan-3 consists of three components: the propulsion module, the lander module, and the rover module. The propulsion module will help in uploading the lander and rover from the launch vehicle. The lander module will indicate the predetermined location on the moon and deploy the rover. The rover will be working for chemical analysis of the lunar surface and will apprise all the scientific payloads for empirical experiments.
Chandrayaan-3’s Launch Vehicle Mark-III
LVM-III the first rocket Developed by ISRO, previously known as GSLV Mark-III which will be inserted in the Chandrayaan-3 mission. The height of the rocket is 43.5 metres and with a diameter of 4 metres, has a lift-off mass of 640 tonnes.
ISRO is geared up itself for the launch of Chandrayaan-3 spacecraft with integration of LVM-3, which is expected to launch on July 13. The aim to launch this Indian probe is to present India’s technological finesse in lunar exploration that contribute to scientific advancements.
History of Chandrayaan Programme:
On 15 August, 2003 Prime Minister of India Atal Bihari Vajpayee introduced the Chandrayaan programme in his speech on the Independence day. Vision behind this was to boost India’s space program. The idea of this mission was raised in 1999 in a meeting of the Indian Academy of Sciences. In 2000, the idea was carried forward through the Astronautical Society of India (ASI). Soon after, the initiative was taken by ISRO which set up the National Lunar Mission Task force to carry out an Indian mission to the moon. Over 100 prominent and respected scientists in Earth Sciences, Physics, Chemistry, Astronomy, Engineering, Astrophysics, Communication Sciences have weighed up and approved the Task Force to launch an Indian probe to the moon and for that the Indian government has approved the proposal.